Category Archives: Muharram ul Haraam

EXCELLENCE OF MOHARRAM

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EXCELLENCE OF MOHARRAM What is Aashura? Learn about the great historical event of all times. \”The day was Thursday the 2nd of Muharram, 61 Hijri. Ubaidullah sent a large army who surrounded the camp of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, Allahu Akbar! Thousands of troops surrounded them, Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu is left with two gruesome choices, to pledge allegiance to Yazeed or to die…

 

EXCELLENCE OF MOHARRAM

What is Aashura? Learn about the great historical event of all times.

“The day was Thursday the 2nd of Muharram, 61 Hijri. Ubaidullah sent a large army who surrounded the camp of Imam Hussain
RadiyAllahu Anhu, Allahu Akbar! Thousands of troops surrounded them, Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu is left with two gruesome choices, to pledge allegiance to Yazeed or to die…

Days To Remember in Moharram-ul-Haram

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Days To Remember in Moharram-ul-Haram

  • 1st Moharram: Death anniversary of “Shaikh Abul Hassan Ali Bukhaari (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)” in Baghdad Shareef.
  • 2nd Moharram: Death anniversary of “Hazrat Khwaja Ma’roof Kirki (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)” in Baghdad Shareef.
  • 4th Moharram: Death anniversary of “Hazrat Khwaja Hassan Basri (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)”.
  • 5th Moharram: Urs “Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Ganje Shakar (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)” in Pakistan.
  • 8th Moharram: Urs “Hazrat Moulana Hashmat Ali Khan (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)” in Pillibit Shareef.
  • 10th Moharram: Death anniversary (Shahadat) of “Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho)” in Karbala Najuf.
  • 10th Moharram: “Hazrat Syedi Shah Barkatullah Ishki (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)” in Mahrerah Shareef.
  • 11th Moharram: Giyarwee Shareef of “Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilani (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho)”.
  • 14th Moharram: Urs “Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)” in Bareilly Shareef.
  • 18th Moharram: Death anniversary of “Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho)” in Madina Munawarrah.
  • 19th Moharram: Death anniversary of “Syed Ahmad Jilaani (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)” in Baghdad Shareef.
  • 20th Moharram: “Hazrat Shah Waliyullah Dhelwi (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)”.
  • 28th Moharram: Urs “Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir (Rehmatullah Taala Alaihi)” in Kichaucha Shareef.

True Love for Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu

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True Love for Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu

    

If we claim to be the true lovers of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, then just to listen about him and to shed some tears is not enough. If we really love him then we have to follow him. We have to dissociate ourselves from the qualities that he disliked and fought against such as lies, deceit, greed, love of the world, alcohol, fornication, missing Salaah. And we should acquire the qualities which should please Allah Ta’ala and His Beloved Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.

This will be a true offering from us to our beloved master. And in this way the purpose of his sacrifice be fulfilled.

I hope and pray to Allah Almighty that may we please Him and take forward the mission of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu.

Hussain Lives Forever

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Hussain Lives Forever

There were many wars before and after Karbala. Each one was to defend the principles of Islam and to glorify the name of Allah. There were many wars in which RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was present himself and there were others fought by his companions. But unfortunately, Muslims today hold very little knowledge about them. Little do they know and realise the great sacrifices through which Islam has reached us.

The point to be made is that why do we hear about Karbala more than any other war? Why is the war of Karbala commemorated each year and not other? One of the main reasons for this is that most of the other wars were waged between Islam and Kufr. Believers were fighting the non-believers. But this was a war within Islam. The opposite parties were both Muslims. But greed had overcome the enemies. They were the people who only desired the wealth and position of this world and neglected the pleasures of the Hereafter. They feared a tyrant ruler but did not fear Almighty Allah. They supported the rich and the powerful and isolated the righteous and the pious. This war is always remembered by the Muslims and so is a lesson for them.

Thus we know that not always, those who claim to be Muslim and apparently practice Islam are on the true path. We have to recognise the true followers of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam in order to protect our Iman. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan RadiyAllahu Anhu was one such personality in the past century who established the principles of Ahle Sunnah in the light of Qur’an and Sunnah and saved us from the misguided ones. May Allah Ta’ala keep us steadfast on the straight path.

The Fate of the Killers of Imam Hussain

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The Fate of the Killers of Imam Hussain

Hazrat Aamir bin Sa’ad RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates, ‘After Imam Hussain left this mundane world, I saw RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam in my dream. He said, ‘O Amir! Go to my companion Baraa’ bin Aazib and convey my Salams and inform him that whosoever killed my son Hussain will go to Hell.’ Thus I went to Hazrat Baraa’ RadiyAllahu Anhu and informed him on what I had seen.’ [Sa’adatul Kaunain]

Hakim narrates on the authority of Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas RadiyAllahu Anhuma
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’Allah Ta’ala conveyed through revelation to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam that He perished 70,000 in revenge of the killing of Yahya bin Zakariya Alaihimus Salam, but for your grandson Hussain, He will destroy double that number.’ [Khasais ul Kubra]

Ibne Jauzi reports that no assassin of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was spared punishment. Some were killed, some became blind and those who were at high positions could not stay there for a long time.

Allama Ibne Katheer testifies that most of the narrations about the fate of the killers of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu as reported in history are correct. [Al-Hussain]

In the reign of Abdul Malik, when Mukhtar bin Abu Ubaid Saqfi became the governer of Kufa, he became the first person to organise the revenge of the massacre of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu and his family. He enquired about the killers and then got them killed.


The Fate of Yazeed

In Damascus, in the court of Yazeed, an oppressed member of Ahle Bait cried out, ‘The very throne for which you killed Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, even your own children will never be able to sit upon it.’

And this is exactly what happened. Very soon he fell prey to a dreadful disease. He used to cry due to unbearable aches in the stomach and intestines. When he was certain of his death, he called for his son Muawiyah to hand over the rule to him. But as soon as he started to speak, he was humiliatingly interrupted by his son who shouted, ‘I can never accept the throne which has the stains of the blood of the grandson of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam on it. May it be destroyed.’

The words of his son made his condition even worse. He kept shouting like a swine. He used to cry for water but to swallow any drop of water would also make him cry. Ultimately he died a degrading and shameful death. His body emitted such stench that nobody could go near or touch him. He did not even receive a dignified burial, he was just thrown in a pit and covered. [Naqshe Karbala]

The Fate of Ubaidullah bin Ziyad

As you have already read, Ubaidullah bin Ziyad was the treacherous soul who was appointed by Yazeed. On his orders Imam Muslim and his two little sons were martyred. And it was he who sent the army to fight Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu.

Mukhtar vowed to take revenge with the killers of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu. So he sent an army to fight Ubaidullah. Ubaidullah also prepared for a war and went into the battlefield with 30,000 soldiers. Both the armies met near Mosul. There was heavy fighting from sunrise to sunset. But just as Ubaidullah was about to be defeated, the coward tried to escape. But eventually he was captured and killed. Ironically the date when he was killed was 10th of Muharram 67 Hijri. His head was cut off and sent to Mukhtar in Kufa. When Mukhtar received the news he decorated the Governor House and invited all the Kufans and placed the head of Ubaidullah at the same spot where the blessed head of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was kept.

Mukhtar then addressed the crowd, ‘O Kufans! Look how the tables have turned. It is the same day, same month and the same place. Six years after Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was wrongly and mercilessly killed, the head of his killer lies here in the most humiliating way.’ He then ordered them to celebrate.[Iedha]

It is recorded in Tirmizi Sharif, that when the heads of Ubaidullah and his accomplices were lying in the court of Mukhtar, a snake appeared from nowhere and went over all the heads. When it reached the head of Ubaidullah, it entered through one of his nostrils, stayed in for a while and exited from the mouth. It repeated this three times before it disappeared.

Killers of Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu in the Wrath of Allah

Hazrat Abu Shaikh narrates that in a gathering people were discussing how all those who were in any way involved in the killing of Imam Hussain were caught up in the Wrath of Allah. An old man stood up and said, ‘I too helped in his killing but look nothing has happened to me.’ Just then he stood up to attend the lamp when he was caught up in flames and burned to his death. A similar incident is narrated by Imam Sa’ad. [Tareekh e Karbala]

Sabt bin Jauzi narrates on the authority of Waqdi that an old man who was involved in the killing of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu became blind. When people enquired how he became blind, he replied, ‘I saw RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam in my dream. He had a blood stained sword in his hand and some killers of Imam Hussain were lying dead on the ground. When he saw me, he cursed me and rubbed a blood-stained stick in my eye. From that day I have become blind.’ [Iedha]

Allama Ibne Hajar Makki writes that one of the soldiers from the army of Yazeed who hanged the blessed head of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu on his horse suddenly became very dark and ugly. People enquired, ‘You were very white and beautiful. How did you turn like this?’ He replied, ‘Ever since the incident of Karbala, two people enter my house every night and they take me to a place where a fire is lit. They hang me into the fire then pull me out. This has caused my appearance to change.’ Later he too died a degrading death.

In the same way it is narrated that one old joiner too became blind. He says, ‘I saw RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam with a bowl filled with blood. People came to him and he applied the blood in their eyes. I too was sent to him. I said, ‘Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, I was not present at the battlefield in Karbala.’ RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam replied, ‘But you wished that he be killed.’ Then he pulled his finger towards me and I became blind.’  [Iedha]

Allama Barzi narrates on the authority of Hazrat Mansoor, they saw a man in Syria whose face was like a swine. When he was enquired about the reason, he replied, ‘Every day I used to curse Ameer ul Mu’mineen Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu and his children. Then one night I saw a dream in which Imam Hasan complained to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam about me cursing them. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam cursed me and spat on me. Since then I have become a sign for people.’ [iedha]


The End of Mukhtar, the Liar

On one side Mukhtar did a commendable job by taking the revenge of Imam Hussain and by killing the killers, but on the other hand, he declared himself as a prophet, thus becoming a infidel. Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair RadiyAllahu Anhuma sent an army in 67 Hijri and destroyed him. [Tareekh e Karbala]

A Moment for Thought

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A Moment for Thought

After reading the heart breaking incident of Karbala one cannot help but ponder over the source of inspiration which helped Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu to offer such extreme sacrifice and be steadfast during it. For this we need to understand the reason of the arrival of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. Allah Ta’ala states:


‘It is He Who has sent His Noble Messenger with guidance and the true religion, in order to prevail over all other religions – even if the polytheists get annoyed.’

From the above verse we learn that the reason for the arrival of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was to make Islam dominant over all other systems. It was to accomplish this mission that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam put up with the atrocities of the unbelievers. He endured a social boycott, left his home town, had his blessed tooth severed for the same reason. It was for the same purpose that Hazrat Bilal RadiyAllahu Anhu suffered silently the barbaric punishment of his infidel masters. The same reason led to the martyrdom of thousands of companions of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.

After RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the same mission was carried forward by Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RadiyAllahu Anhu then Hazrat Farooq e Aazam RadiyAllahu Anhu then Hazrat Usman Gani RadiyAllahu Anhu then Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu. Now the responsibility lied with Imam Hussain. He did not give in to a dictator but stood firm against him. No matter what the apparent result of the war was, in principle Imam Hussain was indeed victorious.

We too need to offer our sacrifices, in every way possible, to uphold the values of Islam and stand firm against corruption and evil.

The Battle of Karbala

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Departure of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu

On receiving the letter from Imam Muslim, Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was convinced that it was safe to leave and he sat off towards Kufa with 72 family members and associates. On the way he learnt about the death of Imam Muslim and also about the disloyal nature of the people of Kufa.

When Kufa was only a short distance away, Hurr bin Riyaahi  came with an army of one thousand soldiers and said, ‘I am under orders from Ubaidullah to arrest you. But because I respect you, I advise you to turn back.’  Imam Hussain started to move from there at night but by morning they were in a desolate plain called Karbala. Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu dismounted from his ride and said:

‘This is Karbala, the place of pains and trials. This is where our camels will sit, this is where we will get down, and this is where my family will be sacrificed.’

The day was Thursday the 2nd of Muharram, 61 Hijri. Ubaidullah sent a large army who surrounded the camp of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu and stopped water on them from the river Euphrates. Allahu Akbar! The grandson of the Master of the Pond of Kausar Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam had the water stopped upon him and his family. Thousands of troops surrounded them, only a small group of people consisting of women and children. Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu is left with two gruesome choices; to pledge allegiance to Yazeed or to die. But Imam Hussain, who was an embodiment of patience and endurance, chose to die but decided not to give his hand to the tyrant Yazeed.

The Sermon of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. When Imam Hussain realised that the enemies would not settle for anything less than his head, he gathered all his family members and associates and said, ‘I willingly give you consent to leave me and return and not waste your life over me. I will still be pleased with you.’ But the companions disagreed and said emotionally, ‘There is no question of us turning back and deserting you. We will fight for you with our hands, our necks and our foreheads until we lay down our lives for you.’

After that, they prayed their Salah and spent their nights in remembrance, whilst also digging a trench behind the camps so that it could be filled with burning wood to avoid the enemies attacking from behind.

 
The Night of Aashura

The night before the war was spent in the remembrance of Allah and His beloved RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam by Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu. He did not seem to be threatened by the whispers of war nor was he anxious about his fate. In fact he was under the Mercy of Allah Ta’ala with serenity and tranquillity shrouding over him. He then saw RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam who was present in the field in the midst of angels. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam came closer to hug him and said, ‘O son! Your enemies are striving to kill you, but they will be deprived of my intercession on the day of Qayamah. O Son! Do not be impatient, very soon you will join me and I will present you with a drink from the Pond of Kausar. Then he prayed for him in these words:


‘O Allah! Bestow Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu with patience and reward.’


The Morning of Martyrdom….

The night of Aashura passed by and the dawn of a decisive day broke out. Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu led the Fajr prayers. The situation was such that they were suffering from the pangs of hunger and thirst for the past three days, no one had even a morsel of food or a drop of water. And to fight such people is an army of twenty-two thousand soldiers who had no shortage of food, water or arms!

The sun was about to rise when the beloved grandson of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the lion of Hazrat Fatima and Hazrat Ali, rode towards the camp of the enemies to give them a final warning with his wise words which have been recorded in golden letters in our glorious history. ‘O people! Listen to me and do not haste so that I can complete my duty of cautioning you, and to tell you the purpose of my journey here. Thus if you agree with me and testify the truth then this will be a means of eternal pleasure for you and you will lose nothing. But if you disagree with me, then gather all those who agree with you and attack me. Indeed Allah is my helper, the One who has revealed the Book and the One who is the aide of the righteous.

Do you recognise who I am? Then ask yourself is it right for you to kill me? Am I not the grandson of your Prophet?  And am I not a son of his associate? Is the leader of the Martyrs, Sayyeduna Hamza and Sayyeduna Jaffer Tayyar not my father’s uncles? Has the narration of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam not reached you that me and my brother are the leaders of the youth of Jannah?

Thus, if you agree then testify it. By Allah! Since the day I learnt that lying causes the displeasure of Allah, I have never lied. And if you think that I am lying then ask people like Jabir bin Abdullah, Abu Sa’eed Khudri, Suhail bin Sa’ad, Zaid bin Arqam and Anas bin Malik.

These companions of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam will tell what he had said. Is there no one amongst you who can deter you from shedding my blood? If you think I am lying or doubt that I am the grandson of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam then by Allah, between East and West there is no one else who can claim to be the grandson of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.

After all why do you want to kill me? Have I killed any one of you? Or have I seized your wealth? Why do you want to shed my blood? [Istiqamat December 1979, Reference from Tibrani Vol 7 Pages 329-330)

After he received no response from the enemies, he named some of the people who had written letters to him inviting him to Kufa and asking them, ‘Did you not invite me?’ They answered in the negative.

He continued, ‘You surely did. And if you say you did not then let me leave and return to where I can live in peace.’ Qais bin Ash’ab shouted, ‘Submit yourself to Ubaidullah and no one will hurt you.’

The Imam replied, ‘You would say that, as you are the brother of Muhammed bin Ash’ab. Is it not enough that you have the burden of killing Muslim bin Aqeel upon your heads? By Allah! I will not give my hands to the tyrants nor will I surrender myself with humiliation.’


Dreadful Martyrdoms

The speech of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, which he made to clarify his position and to clear any doubts in the minds of the enemies, did not have any effect on them. In fact, they declared the beginning of war and started to fire arrows. This was indeed a very crucial moment for Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu and his followers. One by one they pounded upon their enemies sending scores into the fire of Hell before themselves smelling the sweet fragrance of martyrdom. After the companions it was the time of the family of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu to offer their sacrifices. The two grandsons of Hazrat Jaffer Tayyar, Hazrat Aun and Hazrat Muhammed, Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel’s three brothers Hazrat Abdullah, Hazrat Abdurrahman and Hazrat Jaffer, Hazrat Ali’s five sons Hazrat Abbas, Hazrat Usman, Hazrat Abdullah, Hazrat Muhammed and Hazrat Jaffer one by one gave their lives to uphold the flag of Islam. In the same way, Hazrat Imam Hasan’s sons, Hazrat Qasim, Hazrat Abdullah, Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Abu Bakr, and Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu’s sons Hazrat Ali Akbar and Hazrat Ali Asghar soon followed. RadiyAllahu Anhum Ajmaeen

The Martyrdom of the Son of Imam Hasan RadiyAllahu Anhu

The blossoming flower from the Hashmi garden, Hazrat Qasim, the son of Imam Hasan is only nineteen years old. He is stood in front of Imam Hussain in a very respectful manner. Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu enquired, ‘What is the matter Qasim.’ He replied , ‘When my father was dying he gave me am amulet (Ta’weez) and instructed me that there will be a time when my brother Hussain will be in great trouble, open this Ta’weez, read it and act upon it. Which time can be more crucial than this? So I opened the Ta’weez and it says, ‘Dear son, In the battle of Karbala when the time comes, do not let Ali Akbar go to fight before you, but instead you go first and sacrifice your life in the way of Allah.’ O uncle! I have come to ask permission so I can fulfil my father’s last wish.’ Imam Hussain fighting his tears said, ‘Seeing you revives the memories of my brother. How can I permit you to go and be killed?’ Hazrat Qasim pleaded, ‘O uncle, if I don’t go, and if Ali Akbar is martyred before me then what face will I show to my father on the Day of Judgement?’ When Hazrat Qasim RadiyAllahu Anhu insisted, Imam Hussain permitted him with a heavy heart and with tearful eyes bid him farewell. 

A soldier from the enemy ranks, Hameed bin Muslim states, ‘When Hazrat Qasim came forward it felt like a moon had risen from the horizon. He had no armour on his body and was eagerly seeking martyrdom. He challenged the Yazeedi forces, ‘O enemies of Islam, I am Qasim bin Hasan bin Ali, one of the lights from the family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. Send whomever you choose to fight me.’

Amr bin Sa’ad instructed a heavyweight fighter named Arzaq to accept the challenge, but he declined saying that it was not worthy of him to fight a child. Amr reiterated, ‘Don’t take him as a child; he is the son of Hasan who is the son of Ali, who single-handedly uprooted the door of the fort of Khyber. Though he has been starving for three days, fighting him will not be easy.’ Arzaq was adamant that he would not go and instead sent his eldest son thinking he would settle the score in minutes.’ But, in minutes the situation was reversed and Arzaq’s son was lying on the ground dying and Hazrat Qasim had his sword. His second son became furious and went to take on Hazrat Qasim but he too fell prey to the very first attack by Hazrat Qasim and was sent to Hell. Now the third brother jumped to fight using foul language. Hazrat Qasim said, ‘It is not the way of the Ahle Bait to respond to foul language with foul language; instead I will send you to your brothers.’ In one shot he was cut into two pieces. The fourth and last son of Arzaq soon met the same fate also.

Arzaq was now trembling with rage and fear. All his pride was turned to dust. He was now forced to face the Hashmi lion. He entered the field with a roar throwing empty challenges like, ‘Be ready to die.’ Hazrat Qasim replied, ‘You have lost your senses Arzaq, we are the blood of the lion of Allah, you are nothing compared to us.’ They attacked each other with spears but both shots were off the mark. Then the swords were drawn out. When the fighting began, Hazrat Qasim laughed at Arzaq and said, ‘You did not even remember to tighten the rein of your horse due to the fear of fighting me.’ As soon as Arzaq bent down to look at the rein, Hazrat Qasim struck a final blow cutting him into two pieces.

Hazrat Qasim mounted the horse and sped towards the camp of Imam Hussain expressing, ‘O uncle! Thirst thirst. If I can get one bowl of water, I will send all the enemies to Hell.’ Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu replied, ‘Just a little longer my son, soon you will see your grandfather who will give you a drink from the Pond of Kausar, after which you will never be thirsty again.’ Hazrat Qasim returned to the battlefield. Amr shouted to his people, ‘Surround and kill him.’ Hazrat Qasim was surrounded by enemies from all sides, but he did not give up. He fought fiercely and had twenty seven wounds on his body until finally Sheesh bin Sa’ad pierced a spear through his chest. As he was falling from the horse, he was saying, ‘O uncle! Come and attend to me.’ 

When Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu heard his cries, he ran towards him and found that the young body was covered with wounds. He took Hazrat Qasim RadiyAllahu Anhu’s head in his lap and started to clean the dust from it. Hazrat Qasim opened his eyes to find his head in Imam’s lap. He smiled and with that his blessed soul left his body. Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’oon [Tareekh e Karbala, Reference from Shaam e Karbala]

The Martyrdom of the Flag Bearer

The flag bearer of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, Hazrat Abbas bin Ali RadiyAllahu Anhuma, approached him and asked for permission to fight. He further said, ‘I can no longer bear to see Ali Asghar and other infants who are dying of thirst. Please allow me to go and get a bag of water from the river. Imam Hussain responded, ‘How can I allow you to go as you are the bearer of my flag?’ But Hazrat Abbas repeated his words and insisted to be allowed to go. Imam Hussain hugged him and gave him permission. Hazrat Abbas mounted a horse and started towards the river. When the enemies saw Hazrat Abbas approaching the river, they blocked his path. Hazrat Abbas shouted, ‘O Kufans! Be fearful of Allah and be ashamed of having to face RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. It is so regrettable that firstly you invited Imam Hussain and then betrayed him. And now you have joined with his enemies and killed his companions and family members. And if that was not enough, you are torturing young children and infants from the family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, not allowing them even a single drop of water so that they would die of hunger and thirst. Just think, what face will you show RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam on the Day of Reckoning?’ But the treacherous souls replied that if the whole world was filled with water, still he would not get a drop from it. Hazrat Abbas became agitated and roared like a lion, ‘Hussain will sacrifice himself but will never surrender to the evil tyrants.’

The evil forces attacked from all sides but Hazrat Abbas kept moving forward until he took his horse into the river. He filled his water-bag and was about to have a sip when he remembered the thirst of the children in the camps. He could not tolerate the fact that he would quench his thirst whereas the blessed children from the family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam would remain thirsty. He hung the water-bag on his shoulder and rode towards the camp. There was an uproar, ‘Stop him, stop him. If this water reaches the camp of Hussain then none of us will survive.’

Though he was attacked from all sides, Hazrat Abbas wanted to reach the camp at all costs, so he attacked so fiercely that bodies were falling in each direction and streams of blood was flowing on the ground. Just then he was deceptively attacked from behind by a man called Zararah, due to which his right shoulder was cut off from his body. He took the water-bag in his left hand and also fought with the same hand. He was further attacked by Naufil bin Arzaq and this time his left hand was separated from his body. Now he held the water-bag in his mouth but the water was not to reach the camp. An arrow struck the bag and all the water was lost. Soon he succumbed to the constant attack and fell to the ground calling, ‘O brother! Attend to me.’

Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu ran towards him and found his body soaked in blood and he was very close to attaining martyrdom. Seeing this state Imam Hussain cried out, ‘Now my back is broken.’ Soon the soul left the body and Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu carried the body back to the camp. Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’oon. [Tareekhe Karbala]

The Courage of Hazrat Ali Akbar RadiyAllahu Anh

All the companions and family members of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu had now attained martyrdom and he was left alone with his three sons; Imam Zainul Aabideen, Hazrat Ali Akbar and Hazrat Ali Asghar RadiyAllahu Anhum. Hazrat Zainul Aabideen RadiyAllahu Anhu was very ill, Hazrat Ali Asghar was still an infant and Hazrat Ali Akbar was eighteen years old. So Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu decided that he should now enter the battlefield. But Hazrat Ali Akbar stopped his way and pleaded, ‘O beloved father! How can you go to fight when I am still alive? Please allow me to go and fight.’ Imam Hussain looked at him with tearful eyes and said, ‘With what heart can I allow you to go? How can I see you covered in dust and blood? The Yazeedi army want my blood and once they kill me, they won’t bother with you.’ But Hazrat Ali Akbar would not listen. Ultimately Imam Hussain had to allow him to go and fight.

When Hazrat Ali Akbar RadiyAllahu Anhu was ready to set off, Imam Hussain with his own hands prepared his handsome and beautiful son to go to fight. He gave him his sword, mounted him on the horse and handed his weapons to him. Hazrat Ali Akbar gave a farewell look towards Imam Hussain and the ladies of his household, and started towards the enemy. Hazrat Ali Akbar was identical in appearance to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. When he challenged the enemies to confront him, no one had the courage to come forward. So he thrust himself upon the rows of enemies and dispersed them. He fought for a long while until he could not carry on due to thirst. He returned back to his camp and pleaded to his father for water. Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu started cleaning the dirt from his body and gave his blessed fingers in his son’s mouth so that he would achieve some satisfaction. Hazrat Ali Akbar once again returned to the battlefield.

Again no one could gather the courage to face him. Amr bin Sa’ad repeatedly incited his people with promises of hefty rewards until out of greed, a strong man called Tariq agreed to face Ali Akbar. He was killed in the first blow by Hazrat Ali Akbar. His son, Amr bin Tariq, who came after him could not stay any longer and was also killed. The second son Talha bin Tariq met with the same fate. Now the whole army was trembling with fear. No one wanted to face Hazrat Ali Akbar. Then Amr bin Sa’ad instructed Muhkam bin Tufail to launch a joint attack with a thousand men. Those cowards surrounded Hazrat Ali Akbar from all sides and began the offensive of attacks. Soon his whole body was covered with wounds. When he fell onto the ground, he too cried, ‘O father, attend to me.’  Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu brought his son back to the camp and taking his head in his lap, started to clean it. Hazrat Ali Akbar RadiyAllahu Anhu opened his eyes, looked at the blessed face of his father for the last time and proceeded towards the Pleasure of his Lord. Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’oon.

Hazrat Ali Asghar and the Unimaginable Torture

The youngest son of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, Hazrat Ali Asghar RadiyAllahu Anhu was still an infant; he was dying of thirst and was the subject of the extreme torture from the people of Yazeed who had stopped water since the 7th of Muharram. The breasts of the mothers had also dried up and there was not a single drop of water anywhere in the camp. Hazrat Ali Asghar would become unconscious at short intervals, and when he would regain consciousness he would pull his tongue out to his mother. When his mother could not bear to see him in this state, she brought him over to Imam Hussain and pleaded, ‘Please carry him outside, maybe the enemies will show some mercy towards this infant of six months and give him some drops of water as this infant will neither fight them not stand up against them.’

Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu carried the baby towards the enemies and said, ‘O people who pray the Kalima of my grandfather. You have destroyed my whole family to satisfy your greed and anger, but this infant has not wronged you at all. If you have any mercy in your hearts, then give him just two drops of water.’ But the stone-hearted wretched souls were not to be moved by anything. In fact, one of them aimed at the dry neck of the baby and shot an arrow which passed through the neck and into the shoulder of Imam Hussain. A fountain of blood oozed out of the neck when the arrow was pulled out and the thirsty infant died in the hands of his blessed father. Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’oon.

When the Imam walked towards the camp, the mother thought that Ali Asghar had been given water as he was not crying. When she enquired with Imam Hussain he replied, ‘He did not have the water of this world but in fact is enjoying the drink of Kausar from the blessed hands of his grandfather RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. Allah had accepted this little sacrifice as well.

Martyrdom of the Grandson of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam

All had now presented their lives in the way of Allah, only the rider of the shoulder of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the coolness of the eyes of Fatima, the inheritor of the lion of Allah, the leader of the youth of Paradise, Hazrat Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was left with his ill and weak son Imam Zainul Aabideen, who could barely move from his bed. But he still managed to gather some strength and with a spear in his hand, approached his father and requested, ‘O father, let me go before you. It is not possible for you to be killed whilst I am still alive.’ Imam Hussain took the ailing son to one side and explained, ‘My dear son, on you lays the responsibility of protecting the women of our family, and you have to escort them back to our land. And from you will continue the progeny of mine and you will inherit the precious belongings of my grandfather and my father. All my hopes are with you. Look, be very patient and enduring; face all the troubles in the way of Allah with boldness and without complaint. In all circumstances, uphold the principles of Islam and the Sunnah of your grandfather Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. When you reach Madinah, present my Salaams to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and describe all you have witnessed. You are my only inheritor and so you cannot go to the battlefield.’

Then Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu handed over all the responsibilities to Imam Zainul Aabideen, placed the Amamah on the head of his son and made him lie down on the bed. Then he came to another camp, opened a trunk, took out the armour and wore it. He then took the Amamah of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and put is on his blessed head; took the shield of Sayyedina Ameer Hamza and covered his back; hung around his neck the blessed sword ‘Zulfiqar’ belonging to his father, the lion of Allah, Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu; took the spear of Hazrat Jaffer Tayyar RadiyAllahu Anhu, and wore the belt of his brother Imam Hasan RadiyAllahu Anhu around his waist. The members of the family were watching this sight and knew very well that their leader was going to take leave from them for a long time. The army of Allah was to lose their commander. The women who had already lost their husbands were about to lose their only protector and guardian. His children were about to become orphans. There was no consolation for them but only tears in their eyes as they bid farewell to their master.

Here was a fighter who had been starving for the past three days and had attended to the bodies of his cousins, nephews and his own sons. Now he descended onto the battlefield, looked the enemy in the eyes and made some final remarks. After praising Allah and his Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, he continued on and said, ‘O people! The Prophet you believe in has said, whosoever makes enmity with Hasan and Hussain does so with me and whosoever has animosity with me he has so with Allah. So fear Allah and avoid fighting with me. If you are true believers then think what your answer to Allah Ta’ala will be? And what face will you show to the beloved RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam? O you who have destroyed the family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, just ponder over your fate. O disloyal ones! You invited me to come over and to help you against a tyrant and now when I have arrived you are turning your backs on me. O oppressors! You have destroyed my family and killed my dear ones, and now want to kill me. Just think who am I? Whose grandson am I? Who are my parents? You still have chance, drop the idea of killing me and save yourselves from the fire of Hell.

There was chaos in the enemy camp. One of them shouted, ‘O Hussain, you have only one choice, either give your hand in the hand of Yazeed or be ready to die.’ Imam replied, ‘O treacherous ones, I knew you would not listen, as your hearts have been sealed and your Islamic spirit is dead. I only spoke to justify my position so that you cannot say on the Day of Judgement that you were not aware. Alhamdulillah, I have done my duty. As far as Yazeed is concerned, I will never submit myself to a wicked oppressor. Now if you have made up your mind then send your chosen one to fight me.’  Thus, Amr bin Sa’ad called the fighters who were saved to fight Imam Hussain. First to go was a famous wrestler from Syria, Tameem bin Qahtabah. He came boasting about his strength and skills but in just one blow from his sword Zulfiqar, he was left to die on the ground.

Badr bin Suhail was watching all this. He started swearing at the other fighters saying they were cowards and did not know how to fight. He sent one of his sons to fight. Imam Hussain said, ‘It would be better if your boasting father came to fight so he would not have to see his son dying’. In no time Imam sent him into Hell. Badr could not bear to see this state of his son and leaped forward to attack Imam Hussain with his spear. Imam defended his attack. Badr then removed his sword and attacked. Imam again saved his attack and launched such a mighty blow that Badr’s head went rolling like a football.
One after the other they all came to try their luck but none could withstand the power of Zulfiqar. The bodies kept piling up. There was a roar in the camps of the enemy that if the son of the lion of Allah continues in this way then none of us will survive. Cowards then decided to attack from all sides. Imam Hussain was surrounded from all sides by bare swords thirsty of his blood. But when the Zulfiqar came into action, the heads of the enemies dropped like leaves on the ground.

When Amr bin Sa’ad saw that his trick had failed miserably, he ordered to shoot arrows from all sides. Imam was being bombarded with arrows from all directions. It was one against thousands now. His horse was so injured that it could not move anymore. Imam Hussain’s body got covered with so many wounds that blood was gushing all over his body. Suddenly a poison-tipped spear hit his blessed forehead, the same forehead which was always kissed by RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu now lied sub-conscious on the ground. But the attacks did not stop. The wicked souls were still attacking him with spears. One of the spears went right across his body. After suffering seventy two lethal wounds, he bowed down in prostration. It was in this state that his blessed soul left his body and entered into the eternal pleasure and mercy of his Lord. Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’oon.

At the time Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu attained the highest degree of martyrdom, his age was 56 years 5 months and 5 days. The date was 10th Muharram 61 Hijri.

Nadhr bin Harsa came forward to detach his blessed head from his body but was terrified by the majesty of the Imam’s body. Then Khola bin Yazeed, Sunaan bin Anas or Shimar was the ill-fated dog who did the gruesome task.

Yazeed and his followers did not stop there. They went on a looting spree not even sparing the clothes and shoes on Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu’s body. They then turned towards the camps that were sheltering the women of the family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, insulting and looting them.

Then Amr bin Sa’ad announced, ‘Who will run their horses on the Imam and mutilate his body?’ Ten wretched souls volunteered, mounted on their horses and crushed his blessed body.’ [Tareekh e Karbala]

Yazeed and the Events Before Karbala

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Who Was Yazeed?


Yazeed bin Mu’awiyah was the unfortunate soul whose hands are stained in the blood of the family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. He was an ugly, obese, ill-mannered, alcoholic and evil person. Many prohibited acts were made legal by him such as marrying to women who are ‘Mehram’ and the use of interest, etc.

Hazrat Abdullah bin Hazrat Hanzalah RadiyAllahu Anhuma reports:


‘We decided to fight with Yazeed when we feared that due to his evil practices, we would be bombarded with stones from the skies as a result of the Wrath of Allah Ta’ala. He had allowed unlawful marriages, like marrying ones sister, drinking alcohol was becoming the norm, and people were not punctual about Salaat anymore. [Tareekh ul Khulafa]

Hazrat Abu Hurairah RadiyAllahu Anhu, who was one of the secret bearers of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam used to supplicate to Allah Ta’ala in the following manner in the year 59 Hijri:


‘O Allah! Save me from witnessing the year 60 Hijri and the barbaric rule of the youngsters of Quraish
(referring to Yazeed).’ [Tareekh ul Khulafa]

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees, Hazrat Abu Hurairah who was the bearer of secret knowledge imparted to him by RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, knew very well that in year 60 Hijri Yazeed would inherit the rule from Hazrat Mu’awiyah RadiyAllahu Anhu and so he made the above supplication which was accepted as he passed away in 59 Hijri.

It is narrated in Tareekh ul Khulafa that in 63 Hijri, Yazeed received the news that the people of Madinah broke their allegiance to him and were preparing to launch an attack on him. Upon hearing this he sent a mighty army towards Madinah and declared a war. After looting and destroying the pious heritage of Madinah, the same army invaded Makkah Muazzamah, which was then under the leadership of Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair RadiyAllahu Anhuma. This is when the incident of Hirra took place.


The Incident of Hirra

When the army of Yazeed invaded Madinah Munawwarah there was not a single person who was spared from their atrocities. Thousands of Companions of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam were martyred. Nearly every household was looted of their precious belongings and most horrifyingly, hundreds of women were raped in the most blessed city of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. (Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’oon)

Why Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu Declined the Oath

When Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah RadiyAllahu Anhu passed away in Rajab 60 Hijri, his unworthy son Yazeed took over as the leader. Soon after, he sent envoys around the country to invite people to pledge allegiance to him and consider him as their leader. He did the same with governor of Madinah, Waleed bin Uqbah, and asked him to take oath from his people. In particular, he instructed him to take oath from prominent personalities like Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar and Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair RadiyAllahu Anhum Ajmaeen and not to give them any time to think over it.

As soon as he received this instruction, Waleed invited Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu to the governor’s house and demanded that he pledge allegiance to Yazeed. Imam Hussain was very straightforward in declaring that Yazeed, due to his evil practices and wicked nature, was not fit to be the leader of the Muslims and that he would not pledge allegiance to such a person.

Upon learning of the decision of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, Waleed calmly tried to convince him and warned him of the consequences that would follow. But when he realised that Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was as firm as a mountain on his decision, he advised him to return home and think carefully over the matter and come again the next day.

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was well aware of the fact that by declining to pledge allegiance to Yazeed, he had made Yazeed his worst enemy, and that he (Yazeed) would now be after his life. But how can it be possible for the grandson of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam to forsake the path of truth and guidance and agree with a tyrant, just to protect his own life?

It is clear that if Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu had pledged allegiance to Yazeed, he would have been very grateful to Imam Hussain and would have showered him with gifts and presents, or in fact made him the governor of a province. But the true Imam knew that if he did so, then the system of Islam would be shattered and chaos would prevail all over; Islamic principles would be ruined and the glorious flag of Islam would never fly high again as the allegiance of Imam Hussain would have become a stamp of approval for all that Yazeed did, and people would blindly follow him as he would be their leader.

This was the only reason why the grandson of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam chose to face the trials inflicted by the enemy and even had his family sacrificed right in front of his eyes and shed his own blood in order to save the dwindling and sinking ship of the Ummah.

 

Setting off from Madinah Munawwarah

Yazeed had planned to first take oath from Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu and once he had achieved this no one else would dare to decline pledging allegiance to him. When Imam Hussain refused, his plans were shattered and he became furious. Yazeed sent a message to Waleed that if Imam Hussain did not agree to pledge allegiance to him, he should be killed and his head sent to Yazeed. When Waleed received a number of such messages, he was compelled to disclose the evil plans of Yazeed to Imam Hussain. Imam Hussain took some advice from the companions and decided to leave Madinah.

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. We can only imagine the state of Imam Hussain when he must have paid his final respects to his RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. With a mountain of grief on his heart and tears flowing from his eyes, he must have cried, ‘O grandfather, who rode us on his shoulder, who kissed our forehead and cuddled us, who extended his prostrations for us, look at our state. We are being forced to leave the most beloved land by some evil men, please permit us to leave, Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.’

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. What must the state of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam himself been when he was witnessing the departure of the one who was nurtured by his love, the beloved son of his beloved daughter. After all it was Imam Hussain, due to whom RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam sacrificed his own son. Even the slightest displeasure felt by Imam Hussain would upset and grieve RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. These are the thoughts which upset, disturb and grieve the hearts of those who truly love RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and his blessed family. 

It is stated in Raudatus Shuhda that Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu first visited Jannatul Baqi to pay his respects to his blessed mother Sayyeda Fatima and his brother Imam Hasan, and then went to the blessed Rauda of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. After offering his salutations and confiding in RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam about his situation, he fell asleep. In his dream, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was holding his head in his lap. Imam Hussain urged, ‘Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, I am being forced to leave your blessed city by some evil elements and I feel I will never be able to come here again.’ RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam replied, ‘Soon you will join me and I see that you are being mercilessly killed in Karbala in a desperate state of hunger and thirst. O Hussain, be steadfast and accomplish your task. It won’t be long before you join your father, mother and brother when you will be sitting with us enjoying the immeasurable bounties of your Merciful Lord.’ At this point, Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu woke up and he became certain that his martyrdom was near.

Hence, on the 4th of Sha’baan, 60 Hijri, he set off towards Makkah Mukarramah with his family and companions, leaving the people of Madinah grieving on his departure. After reaching Makkah in Sha’baan, he lived peacefully for the following four months of Ramadhan, Shawwal, Zil Qa’dah and Zil-Hajj. The people of Makkah were very proud and pleased that the grandson of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was living amongst them.

Sa’eed bin Aas was the governor of Makkah who was appointed by Yazeed. Upon seeing the arrival of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu and realising his growing importance, he cautioned Yazeed, which frustrated him even more.


Requests from the People of Kufa and the Departure of Imam Muslim

In the period of his stay in Makkah, Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu received about 150 letters from the people of Kufa, in which he was invited to go and live in Kufa. The inhabitants there were eagerly waiting to pledge allegiance to him as they did not want to make a tyrant their leader.

Hazrat Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, upon seeing the desperate state of the people of Kufa, decided to go there. Many companions of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam advised him against going there as history had shown that the people of Kufa were very disloyal and could not be trusted. But Imam Hussain was extremely concerned about the state of people and so he sent Imam Muslim to gather first hand information about the situation there.

Imam Muslim accompanied by his two children reached Kufa and received an overwhelming welcome from the people of Kufa. Soon over twelve thousand people took an oath at his hands on the name of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu. Imam Muslim wrote to Imam Hussain describing the situation and the support that he had from the people of Kufa.


Betrayal of the People of Kufa
and the Martyrdom of Imam Muslim

When this news reached Yazeed, he appointed Ubaidullah bin Ziyad as the governor of Kufa, before which he was the governor of Basra. Ubaidullah was a very shrewd and cruel character. As soon as he arrived in Kufa he threatened the people of Kufa that if they did not stop supporting Imam Muslim, they would be thrown behind bars or killed and Yazeed’s army would attack their houses, destroy them and massacre their families.

On receiving these threats, the people of Kufa began to abandon Imam Muslim and soon he had no followers. Soon Ubaidullah sent an army to fight Imam Muslim, who single-handed fought fearlessly with extreme courage and faced the swords and arrows of the army until finally his head hit a stone and his body was drenched in blood. He fell on the ground and turning his face towards Makkah cried, ‘O brother Hussain bin Ali, look what these people have done to me and I fear that they might do the same to you, but how can I let you know and stop you from coming here?’

In the end, Imam Muslim was captured and brought before Ubaidullah who ruthlessly killed him. Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Rajioon.


Martyrdom of the Two Sons of Imam Muslim


My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. After killing Imam Muslim, the oppressors started to look for his children. Ubaidullah announced that whoever brought the two children to him would receive a hefty reward, and the one who gave them refuge would be killed. They were living with Qazi Shareeh, who when he heard the announcement from Ubaidullah called for the two orphans and began to sob. The children pleaded to know the reason and asked if their father had been killed. When he confirmed the news, they hugged each other and began to grieve.

In the middle of night, Qazi Shareeh arranged for the children to join a caravan which was on its way to Madinah. Due to the darkness of night, the two children got lost before reaching the caravan. In the morning they sat at the side of a pond and were spotted by a slave-woman who recognised them. The slave woman took them to her owner. The owner was a very pious lady and loyal to the Ahle Bait (family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam). She was so pleased to have the children that she freed the slave and engaged herself in serving the children. But her husband Haaris was just the opposite and was looking for the children so that he could hand them over to Ubaidullah and earn the reward. He came home and went to sleep unaware that the children were in the house. But in the middle of night he was woken up by a loud cry. The elder brother woke the younger one and said, ‘This is not the night to sleep, I just saw our grandfather, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, in Jannah with Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha and Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu. I also our beloved father and we too were present with them. Then RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam looked at us and said to our father, ‘O Muslim, you have come on your own and left your two oppressed children behind?’ Imam Muslim replied, ‘Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam! They will soon join us and will be here by tomorrow.’ So brother it seems we too will soon be martyred.’

When Haaris spotted them he enquired to his wife as to whom they were. His wife was too scared to speak so he asked the children themselves. They fearlessly revealed their identity. The cruel man grabbed their hair and pulled them outside the house. The children were crying due to the pain and agony. He then loaded them on a mule and rode them to the banks of river Euphrates. There he aligned them and removed his sword but his wife, who had been following them, came in between and pleaded with him to change his mind and not stain his hands with the blood of the Ahle Bait.

But the devil was riding on Haaris and in a rage of fury he attacked his wife who fell on the ground. He then turned towards the children. As soon as he was about to attack the younger brother, the elder brother cried and demanded that he should be killed first so he would not have to see his younger brother dying. The same words were repeated by the younger brother. But nothing could move the stone-hearted monster and he finally killed them both. Inna Lillah wa Inna Ilaihi Rajioon.

Imam Hussain in the Holy Qur’an

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Imam Hussain in the Holy Qur’an

Mubahila

The excellence of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu is also implied in the Holy Qur’an in the incident of Mubahila. Let us look at the incident in detail.

The root word of Mubahila is ‘Bahl’ which means dua, humbleness, and curse.

 Mubahila is practiced to prove a point. When two groups do not agree with to each other and all other methods such as debate fails, then they take the extreme step of Mubahila. Both groups meet at a destined place with their close family members and curse each other. Whoever is on the right is saved and the other group is perished. Mubahila was only practiced by RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam against the unbelievers. Now let us see what the Holy Qur’an mentions about Mubahila.

Verse Regarding Mubahila

Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Qu’ran:


“Then O beloved! Whoever disputes with you about Isa after knowledge has come to you, then tell them, ‘come, let us call our sons and your sons our women and your women and our souls and your souls, then let us pray earnestly, and so lay the curse of Allah upon the liars.”
(Surah Aal e Imran Verse 61)

This verse was revealed in relation to the Jews of Najraan, who came to argue with RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam over Hazrat Isa Alaihis Salaam. Najraan is a large well-established city near Madinah Munawwarah towards Yemen. It has been named after Najraan bin Zaid. This city was like a headquarter for the Christians with over seventy three villages in its radius of influence. In the city was a prominent church which the Christians considered as their Qibla and many of their well-known scholars lived there. A year before RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam passed away from this world, a group of about sixty people from there came to see him at Madinah Munawwarah. The lord bishop of the time, Abu Harisa was also amongst them. Twenty four out of the sixty were the cream of their community and out of the twenty four, three were very significant. One of them was Abdul Maseeh without whose consent, his people would not do anything; the other was the treasurer who would look after the finances of the community and the third was Abu Harisa who was the highest ranking scholar amongst them.

They reached Madinah at the time of Asr, wearing the most elegant clothes ever seen by the people of Madinah. They went straight to Masjid un Navbi Sharif where people were offering their Asr Salaah. They too started praying by turning towards the west. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam indicated to the companions to let them complete their prayer. [Tafseer e Na’eemi]

Bagwi states that when RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam recited the above Ayah and invited them for mutual imprecation (Mubahila), they hesitated and requested some time to think over it. Aaqib, who was most intelligent amongst them said, ‘O brothers in Christianity, you know very well that Muhammed Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam is the true Prophet. History teaches us that whenever a group came face to face with any Prophet for Mubahila, they all perished, and if you chose to do the same then you too will perish. So my advice is to reconcile with Muhammed Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and return home.

Early next morning, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam left his house carrying Imam Hussain whilst Imam Hasan RadiyAllahu Anhuma was walking holding his finger; Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha walking behind him and Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu was walking behind Hazrat Fatima. So as mentioned in the verse above, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam took Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhuma as his sons.

When the Christians saw this sight, one of the scholars cried out, ‘O brothers, I see the faces, which if they raise their hands in prayers, the Almighty Lord will move mountains from their places. Therefore do not face the Prophet and return or else there will be no Christians left on this earth. [Tafseer e Mazhari]

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. Ponder the fact that it was decided that for the Mubahila, each group would bring their women and children with them. At this point, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, from all the members of his blessed family chose Hazrat Fatima, Hazrat Ali, Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhum. Thus the Ummah will always remember Imam Hasan RadiyAllahu Anhu and Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu as the sons of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam as he himself called them his sons.

Sayyeduna Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu

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Sayyeduna Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees, this month is extremely significant in terms of its relation with many Prophets Alaihimus Salaam as well as the immense rewards gained by worshipping in this month. This month is also related to a very prominent personality who the Muslim world knows as Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu. It was in this month that Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu endured extreme trials and tribulations with unmatched patience. His family was destroyed right in front of him, which he witnessed without a single word of complaint until finally he laid down his own life in the Path of Allah.

Thus it becomes essential for us to remember Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu, and to offer rewards, in every possible manner, to him and all those blessed souls who sacrificed everything in the Path of Allah. This would be just one way of showing our appreciation towards them. It is also vital to understand the reason, motive and objective behind the great sacrifice of the grandson of Rasoolallah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and his family.

We will list some of the virtues of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu as mentioned in the traditions and will support them with incidents from his blessed life, in order to gain guidance as a means to achieve success in this world and the Hereafter.

Glad Tidings from the Leader of Both Worlds [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam]

Hazrat Ummul Fadhl RadiyAllahu Anha, (the aunt of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), narrates that she went to the court of RasoolAllah and said that during the night she had seen a dreadful dream. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam enquired as to what it was, upon which she replied that it was very severe (therefore feared mentioning it). When RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam insisted the second time, she said that she saw a part of RasoolAllah’s blessed body falling away from his body falling on her lap. Upon this RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said that she had seen a nice dream and it meant that Allah Ta’ala will bestow his daughter Fatima Zehra RadiyAllaha Anha with a son who will be placed in Ummul Fadhl’s lap. Accordingly, Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha gave birth to Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu and he was given to Ummul Fadhl. [Mishkat Sharif, page 572]


Blessed Birth

Just as the prophecy of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam has stated, Hazrat Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was born in the month of Sha’baan-ul-Muazzam in 4 Hijri. There is some difference of opinion regarding the exact date of birth; it was 3rd, 4th or 5th of Sha’baan. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was extremely happy on hearing the news of Imam Hussain’s birth. He took the baby in his arms and gave the Adhaan in his right ear and Iqaamah in his left, and also gave his blessed tongue in his mouth to suck. On the seventh day, he sacrificed two sheep for the Aqeeqah and named his grandson as Hussain.

The Blessed Name and Family Lineage

His name was Hussain and kunniyat (nickname or pet-name) was Abu-Abdullah (father of Abdullah). Sibtey Rasool, Raihanae Rasool, Qurrat-ul-Ain, Sayyid and Tayyib are his titles. His family lineage goes as Hussain son of Ali son of Abi Talib son of Abdul Muttalib son of Hashim son of Abde Munaf Qarashi Hashmi.


Blessed Appearance

Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was so beautiful that the Noor (light) from his blessed face would illuminate the surroundings. His blessed appearance had a unique resemblance with that of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. It is stated in a narration by Hazrat Ali RaduyAllahu Anhu that Imam Hasan RadiyAllahu Anhu was identical with RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam from head to chest and Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was alike from chest to the feet.


Childhood

Hazrat Abu Hurairah RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates that once they were with walking with RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam when he heard Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain crying. Upon enquiring the reason, Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha replied that they are crying due to thirst. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam asked all those present if they had any water but none had any. He then asked Hazrat Fatima to give one of the children to him:

He took the child and cuddled him and gave his blessed tongue into the child’s mouth. The child sucked it till he was satisfied and stopped crying. He then did the same with the other child till he too was satisfied and stopped crying. [Zikr e Jameel, Ibne Asakar, Tibrani]


Riding on the Shoulders of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam

Hazrat Osama bin Zaid RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates that one night I visited RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and saw him carrying something on his back which I could not recognise. When I finished my task I enquired, ‘What are you carrying Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam?’ RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam moved the cover and I saw that he was carrying Imam Hasan and Hussain. He then said, ‘O Allah! These two are my sons and the sons of my daughter. O Allah! I love them and love those who love them.’ [Tirmidhi, Mishkat]

Choose Between Son and Grandson

Once RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was carrying Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu on his right shoulder and his son Hazrat Ibrahim RadiyAllahu Anhu on his left. Just then Hazrat Jibraeel Alaihis Salam arrived and requested, ‘Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala will not let both these children live with you and He wants to recall one of them. You can chose whom you want to keep.’ RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam replied, ‘If Hussain passes away then I will be hurt as well as Fatima and Ali [RadiyAllahu Anhuma] but if Ibrahim dies, then only I will suffer the most. And so I will prefer Hussain to live.’ Three days after this incident occurred, Hazrat Ibrahim RadiyAllahu Anhu passed away. After that whenever Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu came to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, he used to kiss his forehead and say, ‘Welcome O Hussain! I have sacrificed my son upon you.’ [Shawahidun Nabuwwat]

RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam Interrupted His Speech

Hazrat Buraidah RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was once delivering a sermon when Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain arrived walking playfully, both wearing red shirts. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam came down the pulpit and held them in his hand making them sit near him. He then said, ‘Indeed Allah has said the truth that ‘your wealth and your children are means of testing you.’ When I saw these two children walking in an unbalanced manner, I could not hold myself and interrupted my speech to support them.’


Support of Hazrat Jibraeel Alaihissalam

One day Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain started to wrestle. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was watching and saying, ‘Hasan, hold Hussain.’ Upon hearing this Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha said, ‘Ya RasoolAllah! You are helping Hasan when Hussain is younger.’ RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam replied, ‘Jibraeel is helping Hussain.’ [Shawahidun Nabuwwat]

A villager once came to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and gifted him a baby deer. After a short while Imam Hasan arrived upon which RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam gave the baby deer to him. When Imam Hussain saw the baby deer he enquired, ‘O brother! Where did you get that from?’ ‘Our grandfather gave it to me’ replied Imam Hasan. Imam Hussain quickly ran to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and demanded a baby deer. RasoolAllah tried to console him but Imam Hussain would not listen and was close to tears. Just then a deer arrived and said, ‘a villager presented one of my babies to you and now according to the command from Allah, I have come to present my second baby for Hussain as he was asking for it.’ [Raudhtus Shuhda]


Clothes from Jannah

It is narrated that on the night of Eid, Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain came to their mother and said, ‘Tomorrow is Eid and all the children in Madinah will be dressed up in new clothes. Will the grandchildren of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam not wear new clothes?’ Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha was filled with emotions upon hearing the requests from her children and she promised them that they would wear new clothes. Hazrat Fatima, the leader of the women of Paradise prayed Salaah, and then raised her hands to the Lord of the Worlds and requested, ‘O Allah! I have promised my children and now I leave it up to You to fulfil my promise.’

Just then she heard a knock on the door. Hazrat Fatima enquired, ‘Who is it?’ ‘The tailor of the family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam has brought some new clothes for his children’ replied the voice from outside. Sayyidah Fatima dressed the children in them the next morning. When RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam arrived he asked, ‘Do you know where the clothes were from and who brought them?’ ‘O Father! I don’t know, please tell me’ replied Hazrat Fatima. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said, ‘That was Jibraeel who got the clothes from Jannah upon the order from Allah Ta’ala.’ [Raudhtus Shuhda]

Who Will Decide?

Hazrat Allama Nusqi Rehmatullahe Alaih narrates that once Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain each wrote something on two separate slates. Each one claimed that his handwriting was better. To get the verdict they went to their father Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu. Hazrat Ali who made major decisions in his life could not decide on this as he did not want to hurt either of them, and so he directed them towards their mother. They went to Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha, who upon seeing the situation, felt the same as their father and directed them to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the greatest and most exalted decision maker in the world, did not want to decide in favour of one of them either, and in turn hurt the feelings of the other. So he said that the decision will be made by Hazrat Jibraeel Alaihis Salaam. Hazrat Jibraeel soon arrived and said, ‘The decision will be made by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and for that I have brought an apple from Jannah on His instruction. I will now throw this in the air and whichever slate it falls on will be the winner. When the apple was thrown in the air, it split into two halves and one half fell on one slate and the other half on the other, thus deciding that both handwritings were equally good.’ [Nuzhatul Majalis]


Protection By An Angel

One day Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha came to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam in a very distressed state. Upon seeing this RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam enquired as to the reason. Hazrat Fatima replied that she could not find both her children. Just then Hazrat Jibraeel arrived and informed RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam that the children were sleeping at a certain place and that an Angel was protecting them.
When RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam reached the place, he saw an Angel who had spread one of his wings below the children whilst covering them with the other wing. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam then took one on each shoulder and started to walk. On the way he met Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RadiyAllahu Anhu who requested RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam to give one of the children to him. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam smiled and replied, ‘Look, their ride is so exalted and so are the riders.’ Upon reaching the Masjid, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam announced to the companions present there, ‘Shall I show you the people who are best amongst the creations?’ The companions responded, ‘Surely, inform us Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.’

RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam declared, ‘The maternal grandparents of these children.’ The companions testified. He then continued, ‘I am their maternal grandfather and Khadijah is their maternal grandmother, we are the best. Then their parents are best and they are Ali and Fatima RadiyAllahu Anhuma. Then their uncle and aunt are the best. Their uncle is Hazrat Ja’far and the aunt is Umme Haani [RadiyAllahu Anhuma]. Then their maternal aunts and maternal uncles are the best. The maternal aunts are Hazrat Umme Kulsoom, Hazrat Ruqaiyyah and Hazrat Zainab [RadiyAllahu Anhum] and their maternal uncles are Hazrat Abdullah Tayyib wa Taahir, Hazrat Qasim and Hazrat Ibrahim [RadiyAllahu Anhum]. [Nuzhatul Majalis]

 

Intelligence of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu

One day Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu had a guest. After the meal the guest asked for something to drink, upon which Imam Hussain enquired as to what drink he would like? The guest indicated that he wanted a drink which if not available is more precious than ones life and when one does have it, it is of no value. Imam Hussain told his companions that the guest is referring to water.  Those present were astonished with his intelligence. [Istiqamat, Dec 1979 issue]


Did Not Decline His Wish

Imam Hussain once requested a camel from RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam when he was in the Masjid. Upon hearing the request, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam went on his hands and knees and rode Imam Hussain on his back. Imam Hussain further commented that the camels generally have reins and my camel does seem to have one. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam gave his blessed hair in his hands. Imam Hussain further went to say that the camels of Madinah seem to speak. On this wish, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam started to make noise like that of camels. [Istiqamat, Dec 1979 issue]

Sustenance Is On Its Way

A very poor man came to Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu and pleaded, ‘O beloved of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, I am a destitute and have nothing to feed myself or my children, so please give me some of your dinner. Imam Hussain reassuringly said, ‘Please sit down and wait, my sustenance is on its way.’ Soon after a man arrived and handed over five bags, each bag containing some thousand dinars to Imam Hussain and said, ‘This is from Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah RadiyAllahu Anhu and he has apologised that he sent you so little. He said to use this for now and more would arrive soon.’ Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu presented all the five bags to the poor man and apologised saying, ‘Please excuse me for making you wait for this long. This is all I have for now; hope it will be enough for you. We are the people of trials and we have abandoned our desires and forsaken our pleasures.’

Exalted Status of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees, the virtues and merits of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu are highlighted in many narrations, here we mention just a few in order for us to understand his high rank in the court of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and His Beloved Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.

Hussain is from Me

Hazrat Ya’la bin Murrah RadiyAllahu Anhu reports that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said;


‘Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain.’
[Tirmidhi Sharif]

This means that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu are extremely close to each other as if they are one. The remembrance of Imam Hussain is the remembrance of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the friendship of Imam Hussain is the friendship of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and the enmity of Imam Hussain is the animosity of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.

In one more tradition Hazrat Abu Hurairah RadiyAllahu Anhu narrated that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said about Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain, ‘whosoever loves these two loves me and whosoever has enmity with them does so with me.’ [Madarijun Nubuwwah]


The Most Beloved

Hazrat Anas RadiyAllahu Anhu says:

‘RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was asked about who was most beloved to him in his family? He answered ‘Hasan and Hussain.’ He used to ask Hazrat Fatima, ‘bring my two sons to me.’ He would then call them close and cuddle them.’ [Tirmidhi, Mishkat]


The Beloved in the Heavens

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar RadiyAllahu Anhuma was sat near the Ka’aba when he saw Imam Hussain coming. Upon seeing Imam Hussain he remarked:

‘On this day, he is the most beloved amongst the dwellers of the earth to the inhabitants of the skies.’
[Khutbaat e Muharram]


Please Grant Something

Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anha once brought Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and requested, ‘Please bestow them with something.’ RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam generously declared:


‘For Hasan is my awe and leadership, and for Hussain is my courage and generosity.’ [Khutbaat e Muharram]


The Leaders of
Paradise

Hazrat Huzaifa RadiyAllahu Anhu once asked permission of his mother to visit RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam to appeal to him to pray for their forgiveness. Hazrat Huzaifa says, ‘I came to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and prayed Maghrib behind him. After that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam engaged himself in voluntary prayers until it was time for Isha. Then we prayed Isha after which RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam started to walk back from the Masjid. When he heard me, he said, ‘Is that Huzaifa?’ I replied, ‘Yes.’ ‘What brings you here? May Allah forgive you and your mother…

Indeed this was an angel who has never visited the earth before. He requested permission of Allah Ta’ala to visit me and convey his salutations and give me the glad tidings that Fatima is the leader of the women of Paradise and Hasan and Hussain are the leaders of the youth of Paradise.’ [Mishkat]

Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri RadiyAllahu Anhu reports that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said, ‘Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain are the leaders of all the youth of Paradise.’ [Tirmidhi]


Sweet Scented

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar RadiyAllahu Anhuma narrates that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said:


‘Hasan and Hussain are ‘Raihaan’ for me in this world. (Raihaan is a sweet-scented plant) [Tirmidhi, Mishkat]


Martyrdom Was Well-Known

The martyrdom of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was well known since his childhood. His blessed parents and many companions knew that one day he would be sacrificed and receive the highest degree of martyrdom.
The wife of Hazrat Abbas, Hazrat Ummul Fadhl RadiyAllahu Anhum says, ‘One day I visited RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. I saw Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu sitting in his blessed lap and noticed the constant flow of tears from the eyes of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. I pleaded, May my parents be sacrificed upon you Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, what is the matter?’ He replied:

‘Jibraeel came to me and informed that one day my Ummah will kill this son of mine.’ Ummul Fadhl enquired, ‘will they kill Imam Hussain?’ RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam confirmed, ‘Yes, and Jibraeel even gave me the sand of the field where he will be martyred.’ [Mishkat]

Hazrat Anas RadiyAllahu Anhu reports that the Angel of rain asked permission of Allah Ta’ala to pay his respects to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. When he arrived he saw Imam Hussain sat in the lap of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam who was cuddling and kissing him. The Angel enquired, ‘Hussain is most dear to you? Your Ummah will one day kill him. If you wish I can show you the field where he will be sacrificed.’ The Angel then got some sand from the field which Ummul Mu’mineen Hazrat Umme Salma RadiyAllahu Anha set aside in a safe place. In one narration it states that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam handed over the sand to Hazrat Umme Salma RadiyAllahu Anha and prophesised, ‘O Umme Salma, when this sand turns into blood then be certain that my son Hussain has been martyred.’ Hazrat Umme Salma says, ‘I stored the sand in a bottle and saw that on the day Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu was martyred, it turned to blood.’

Hazrat Sha’bi reports that at the time of the war of Siffin, he and Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu passed through the plains of Karbala. At the banks of river Euphrates, Hazrat Ali stopped and enquired as to the name of the place. People said that it was called Karbala. As soon as he heard the word ‘Karbala’, a river of tears began to flow from his eyes which drenched the area around him. Then he said, ‘Once I came to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and saw tears in his eyes. I enquired the reason for it and he replied, ‘Jibraeel just came to me and informed me…:


My son Hussain will be martyred at the banks of river Euphrates at a place called Karbala and he even showed me the sand from there.’ [Khutbaat e Muharram]

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees, it is clear from the above narrations that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam prophesised the martyrdom of Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu right from his childhood. Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Fatima RadiyAllahu Anhum along with other members of family and companions knew that Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu would one day be killed and even knew where. But none of them prayed or requested RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam to pray for Imam Hussain to be protected from this calamity. This is because they were aware that Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu would be tested and it was more appropriate to pray for steadfastness in trials, rather than to be spared from it.