Virtues of the Month of Shabhan

  Virtues of the Month of Shabhan

The month of Shabhan is the one proceeding the month of Ramadhan. This is a very advantageous and beneficial month for the believer. Moreover, one should engage in fasting and doing extra ibaadat in this month, if nothing else but to practice for the following blessed month of Ramadhan to take maximum benefit from it. The following are some authentic hadith that emphasize the importance and the status of the month of Shabhan and the value of doing ibadaat during it.

Hadith: Hazrat Ali (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho) narrated that Rasoolullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) said “when it is the 15th night of Shabhan stay awake at night and fast during its day. From the time of sunset, Allah (Azza Wa Jul) in His Eminence and Majesty descends to the lowest heaven and asks is there anybody asking for forgiveness that I may for give him, is there anybody that is asking for sustenance (rizk) that I may grant him sustenance, and is there anybody in difficulties that I may remove his difficulties. This call remains until dawn.”
(Ref: Tirmidhi; Ibn Maaja; Bahaike; Tafsir Roohul Ma’ainee)

Commentary: Once this is known about and understood, how can one afford not to make a relatively small sacrifice and awake throughout this blessed night doing ibadaat, where Allah (Azza Wa Jul) will forgive all sins and remove all difficulties. What more does one wish to achieve in life than to have an easy life and to die in a state where Allah (Azza Wa Jul) has forgiven all sins. If necessary one should make appropriate preparations for this night, for example if on a workday it is difficult to stay awake at night and then go to work the following day, he should take a day off to take full benefit from this virtuous night.

Hadith: Hazrat Kaab (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho) narrated that Rasoolullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) said “Allah (Azza Wa Jul) sends Jabril (Alaihi Assalam) on the 15th night of Shabhan to Jannah so that he orders it to adorn itself and say that on this night Allah (Azza Wa Jul) will according to the number of stars in the sky, the number of days and nights of the world, the number of leaves on the trees, and the weight of the mountains and the number of grains of sand, will give people freedom (from Jahannam).”
(Ref: Bahaike; Jameul Usool; Maasabbata Bisunnah)

Commentary: Allah (Azza Wa Jul) through his infinite mercy has prepared Jannah for the believers. This is our eternal destiny where we will never feel dissatisfied, there will be no discomforts or worries like the life of this world. For the non-believers the dunya is their jannah, but the dunya is full of problems and will soon end. So let’s make the necessary sacrifice in this temporary and short life for the benefit of the eternal, never-ending life in Jannah. But, we must please Allah (Azza Wa Jul) in order to be granted entry in Jannah and additionally Allah has given us bonus ways to achieve that through nights like this.

Hadith: The mother of the believers Aisha (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho) narrated that one night she awoke and did not see Rasoolullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) on his bed and she went to look for him (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam). She eventually found him (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) at Jannah-tul-Bakkee and he (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) was facing the heaven. When he (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) saw me he said “Allah (Azza Wa Jul) during middle of Shabhan descends to the lowest heaven and forgives people in a number exceeding the hair of the all the goats of the Tribe of Kalbb (this tribe was famous because it had a huge number of goats).
(Ref: Tirmidhi)

Commentary: We make dua to Allah (Azza Wa Jul) that He includes us amongst these people. We should however, make sincere effort to please Allah (Azza Wa Jul) the most Generous who is so willing to pour his mercy upon us, despite us being undeserving and continue to commit error and sin. We tend to prefer the life of the dunya to the detriment of our Akhirah, yet Allah (Azza Wa Jul) is still willing to forgive us. We should be ever more grateful to Allah (Azza Wa Jul) and make sincere intentions and efforts to act in a manner pleasing to Him.

Hadith: Mujahid (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho) narrates from Ali (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho) that Nabi (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) said “O Ali, he who prays 100 rakaat nawafil on the night of the 15th of Shabhan and in each rakaat reads Surat-Al-Fatiha once and reads the Surat “Qul howallhu Ahad” (Surat-Al-Ikhlas) 11 times, Nabi (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) said O Ali whoever prays in this way on this night Allah (Azza Wa Jul) will fulfil all of his duas or needs whosoever desires it. And Allah (Azza Wa Jul) sends 70,000 angels that write good deeds and erase bad deeds for him and raises his status until the end of the year. And Allah (Azza Wa Jul) sends 70,000 angels to Jannat-e-Aden and 700,000 cities will be made there for him. Within those cities there will be such gardens and palaces that nobody has ever seen, or heard of, nor anyone of Allah’s (Azza Wa Jul) creation (makhlooq) has ever imagined. And if he dies prior to the end of the year he will die a shaheed and Allah (Azza Wa Jul) will (through His happiness) give 70 maidens of heaven for each of the reading of one letter of Surah Ikhlas.
(Ref: Tafsir Roohul Bi’an, Volume 8. Alama Ismail Haqi Hanafi [1137 AH])

Commentary: SubhanAllah – this is almost beyond comprehension! Look how much can be achieved by simply praying 100 Nawaafil on this night. How long would this take – perhaps 2 hours. How often have we spent 2 hours on wasted activities and not felt any pain or tiredness, yet the excuses come flooding out at the thought of praying 100 nawaafil only once in the year. Look at the reward from Almight Allah that we are allowing to pass by. We do not hesitate to work for maybe £10 per hour, such a miniscule reward in comparison to what Allah (Azza Wa Jul) is offering for merely 2 hours worth of effort.

Shiekh Abu Talib Mohammed bin Attiya Harsi Al Makki (386 AH) has mentioned (in his book Qutul Quloob) that throughout the whole year there are 15 nights where it is mustahib (recommended) to awake:
o the 5 nights of Ramadhan, being the odd nights of the last ten
o the 17th night of Ramadhan because on the 17th of Ramadhan was the battle of Badr where two armies fought that separated haq from baatil (truth from falsehood). Hazrat Ibn Zubair’s thinking is that Laila-tul-Qadr is on 17th Ramadhan.
o the remaining nine nights as follows:
o 1st night of Mohurram
o 10th of Muharram (Ashura)
o 1st night of Rajab
o 15th night of Rajab
o 27th night of Rajab (Al Isra Wal Miraj)
o 9th of Hajj (Yaum-e-Arofa)
o night of Eid-ul-Fitr
o night of Eid-ul-Adha
o 15th of Shabhan
(Ref: Qutul Quloob)

Note: Qutul Quloob is an authentic book about tassawuf / shariah. Note the status of the author – Shiekh Abu Talib Mohammed bin Attiya Harsi Al Makki – big scholars of the past like Imam Hafiz Zahbi, Imam Qazi Ibne Khalkan, Imam Hafiz Ibn Hijr Askulaani, Shah Waliullah Dehlvi, have honoured both the importance of Qutul Quloob and its writer. Additionally Ibne Jawzi and Ibn Taymiyyah have also shown great respect for this book and the author. Imam Ghazali, from reading this book (Qutul Quloob) began to pursue the path of Tassawuf. Imam Ghazali, a world renowned scholar, mentioned in his book Al Munkis Minadallal how much effect Qutul Quloob had on his life in terms of getting close to Allah (Azza Wa Jul).

Shiekh Abu Talib Mohammed bin Attiya Harsi Al Makki has further mentioned (in his book Qutul Quloob) that it was the way of Salf-e-Saliheen (pious predecessors) that this night (15th Shabhan) they prayed 100 rakaats and read 1000 times Surat “Qul howallhu Ahad” (Surat-Al-Ikhlas), in each rakaat 10 times Surat “Qul howallhu Ahad”. This namaaz is called Salaatul-Khair and they were fully aware of this night’s blessings.
(Ref: Qutul Quloob)

Commentary: We should follow in the footsteps of the salf-e-saliheen (our pious predecessors) and make effort to pray in this way.

Note: Some hadith say to read Surat-Al-Ikhlas in each rakaat 11 times and some say 10 times. However, the Ulema state that both numbers are correct and such differences are simply to emphasize the virtues of doing such a deed.

Hadith: Shiekh Abu Talib Mohammed bin Attiya Harsi Al Makki has also mentioned (in his book Qutul Quloob) that Hazrat Hassan Basri (a well known tabi) narrated that 30 companions (Shahaabi) of Nabi (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) mentioned that those who pray (Salaatul-Khair) on this night (15th Shabhan) Allah (Azza Wa Jul) will look at him (with mercy) 70 times and in each look will fulfil 70 of his needs, the least of these being forgiveness of his sins.
(Ref: Qutul Quloob)

Commentary: We think of forgiveness of sins as a magnificent achievement because it will save us from the punishment of the hellfire. Yet, the least of the rewards is forgiveness. Can you imagine the other rewards?

Hadith: Hazrat Hassan Basri also narrated that some companions of the Prophet (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) mentioned that he who prays (Salaatul-Khair) on this night (15th Shabhan) Allah (Azza Wa Jul) will look at him (with mercy) 70 times and in each look will fulfil 70 of his needs, the least of these being forgiveness of his sins.
(Ref: Tafsir Roohul Bi’an, Volume 8. Alama Ismail Haqi Hanafi [1137 AH])

Alama Ismail Haqi Hanafi in his tafsir (Tafsir Roohul Bi’an) mentions a hadith that he who prays (Salaatul-Khair) on this night (15th Shabhan) Allah (Azza Wa Jul) will send towards him 100 angels, 30 of these brings glad tidings of Jannah, 30 of them give good news of peace and bliss, 30 of them remove the difficulties of the world, and the remaining 10 save him from the deception of Shaytan.
(Ref: Tafsir Roohul Bi’an, Volume 8. Alama Ismail Haqi Hanafi [1137 AH])

Hadith: Hazrat Fakhee Abu Lais Samarkhandi mentions a hadith that the Prophet (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) said “Rajab is a month of my Ummah and Shabhan is my month and the virtue of this month (i.e. Shabhan) compared to other months is like my status over that of all other Prophets. Similarly Ramadhan is Allah’s (Azza Wa Jul) month, the virtues of this month (i.e. Ramadhan) over all other months is like Allah’s (Azza Wa Jul) perfection over his creation (makhlooq).”
(Ref: Tanbihul Ghafeleen)

Commentary: SubhanAllah – this emphasises again the status of the month of Shabhan and more so the month of Ramadhan.

Hazrat Isa (Alaihi Assalam) went to a mountain where Allah (Azza Wa Jul) showed him a man who had been praying for 400 years. Allah (Azza Wa Jul) said to Isa (Alaihi Assalam) that from the Ummah of Prophet Mohammed (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) whoever prays 2 rakaat on the 15th night of Shabhan will get reward greater than this man’s 400 years of worship. Isa (Alaihi Assalam) made dua that he wishes that he was from that ummah.
(Ref: Nuzhatul Majaalis)

Commentary: Look at this huge reward that Allah (Azza Wa Jul) is offering to the Ummah of Prophet Mohammed (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam). How fortunate are we to be part of the Ummah that Isa (Alaihi Assalam) himself made dua to be part of.

Alama Ismail Haqi Hanafi in his tafsir (Tafsir Roohul Bi’an) gave commentary on the ayat: this is the blessed night where every wise decree is specified (Ayat 3, Surat Dukhan [44]). It is written that on this night everything and detail every wise decree,for a person is specified (fixed): rizk, death, and all good and bad from this night to the same night in the following year. It has been prescribed to: Mikael (Alaihi Assalam) about rizk; Jibrael (Alaihi Assalam) about wars, earthquakes, lightening, and tremors; Ismael (Alaihi Assalam), the most elevated angel of the lowest heaven, about deeds; Izrael (Alaihi Assalam) about difficulties where even if somebody is getting married or born, his name will be written amongst those who will die.
(Ref: Tafsir Roohul Bi’an, Volume 8; Alama Ismail Haqi Hanafi [1137 AH]

A similar tafsir was also mentioned in Al-Jam-e-Ehkaamul Quran by Imam Qurtobi [668 AH].

Translators Notes:
The above translation and commentary was done through Allah’s (Azza Wa Jul) tauwfeeq by Rizwan Mirza(muttalim), Ali Anwar Saify(majaz ijaza) and Khalid Rafiq(majaz ijaza) under the instruction and careful guidance of Sheikh Dar Turuq-e-Arabaa Mohammed Ansar Ahmed Alvi Saify (ijaza and khilafa in 4 tariqa from sheikh mubbarak). We are all students of Imamul Auwliya shams-ul-arefin Sheikhul Quran wal Hadith Mujadid Hazrat Akhundzada Saifur Rehman Peere Archi Khurasani Mubbarak (Radi ALLAH Taala Unho)

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