Hadiths on Fasting
Hadrat Abu Hurayrah Radi Allahu anhu narrated that the Most Beloved Messenger of Allah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said:When Ramadan arrives, the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.
[Bukhari and Muslim]
Hadrat Abu Hurayrah Radi Allahu anhu also narrated that the Beloved Messenger of Allah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said:
Whomsoever fasts the month of Ramadan, with faith, seeking reward from Allah, his past sins will be forgiven.
[Bukhari & Muslim]
It has also been narrated by Hadrat Abu Hurayrah Radi Allahu anhu that the Beloved Messenger of Allah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said:
Allah Mighty and Majestic says, ‘Every action of the son of Adam belongs to him except the fast. It is Mine, and I repay him for it.’ Fasting is a protection. When one of you has a day of fasting, he should then speak neither obscenely nor too loudly; and if someone seeks to curse him or fight with him, let him say, ‘I am fasting.’ By Him in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, the smell of the mouth of the one who fasts is more delectable to Allah than the scent of musk. The one who fasts has two joys in which to delight: when he breaks his fast, he rejoices; and when he meets his Lord, he rejoices in his fast.
Hadrat Sahl bin Sa’d Radi Allahu anhu narrated that the Beloved Messenger of Allah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said:
Verily there is a gate in Paradise which is called ‘al-Rayyan’. Those who fasted will enter it on the Day of Judgement, and none shall enter it except them. It will be said, ‘Where are those who fasted?’ They will come forward and none shall enter it except them. When they have entered, the gate will be closed and none shall enter it except them.
[Bukhari & Muslim]
Fasting is to refrain from things that break the fast with the intention of worshiping Allah Most High. The levels of the fast are three:
1) to simply refraining from food and drink, and other things which invalidate the fast;
2) in addition to (1) above, to protect one’s eyes, ears, tongue and all other parts of the body from disobedience to Allah Most High;
3) and in addition to (1) and (2) above, to devote oneself entirely to Allah Most High, through repentance, worship and abstinence from all that distracts one from Allah Most High.
Allah Most High rewards each level of fasting, accordingly.
Fasting during Ramadan is obligatory for every one who:
a) is Muslim;
b) has reached puberty;
c) is sane;
d) is capable of bearing the fast;
e) and if female, is not in the period of menstruation or postnatal bleeding (nifas).
One must make the intention to fast for each day one fasts.