Sadr al-Afadhil Mawlana Sayyad Muhammad Na’eem ‘al-Din Muradabadi Alaihir RaHmah

A renowned and famous scholar of philosophy, geometry, logic, hadith, and a poet of the Beloved Messenger of Allah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, namely Sayyad Muhammad Na’imuddin, titled as ‘Sadr-al-Afadhil’, the son of Mawlana Mu’in al-Din Rahmatullahi alayh, who was born on 21st of Safar-ul-Muzaffar 1300H, on 1st January 1887, in Muradabad, India.

He became a memoriser (hafiz) of the Ennobled Qur’an, at the age of 8. He studied the Urdu, and Persian literature from his father, as the ‘Dars-e-Nizamiyyah’ was studied under Shah Fadl Ahmad Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. He further obtained a degree in granting legal juristic opinion (ifta’) from Shah Muhammad Gul Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, and had also sworn allegiance (bay’ah) to him.

His forefathers were the inhabitants of ‘Mash’had’. At the time of King Aurangzeb, they travelled from there to India. The king gave them great esteem, and granted them with entitlement to land. They travelled many cities when they reached Lahore, and there they stayed near ‘Abul-Hasanat’.

He took part vigourously, in many Islamic Movements, as he was also a part (rukn) of the ‘Khilafat Committee’ which was to establish a Sultanate in Turkey. At this stage, he had made some sensational lectures.

He made ‘impacting’ tours of Agra, Jaipur, Kishan Garh, Gobind Garh, Hawali’-e-Ajmer, Mithar, and Bharatpur against the ‘Show ‘Ali Movement’ whose aim was to destroy Islam, and also sent his delegates there.

In 1343H [1924], he issued the Monthly ‘As-Sawad-al-A’zam’ and by doing so, vigourously supported the ‘View of the Two nations’.

In gaining the independance for Pakistan, on the 18th September 1918, he delivered an oratory masterpiece, at the opening ceremony at the ‘All India Sunni Conference’. He took great part in the passing of the resolutions for a Pakistan at Minto-Park. He was the Chief Organiser (Nazim-e-A’ala), at the Banaras Conference held in 1942.

He fell ill while he was still preparing an Islamic constitution. Life spared him no deferment, and on 18th Dhul Hijjah 1367H [13th October 1948], on a Friday, the world became deprived of him. His sanctuary stands at the left of the Jami’ah Masjid, at Muradabad.

He left 14 works, and lots of treatises including ‘Khaza’in-al-Irfan’ the tafsir [commentary] of Kanz al-Iman: Ala Hadrat Shah Ahmad Raza Khan alayhir rahman’s Qur’an tranlsation in urdu.

Amongst the most famous works are:

Tafsir Khaza’in-al-Irfan,
Deewan-e-Urdu,
Kitab-ul-‘Aqa’id,
Sirat-e-Sihabah,
Sawaneh Karbala,
and Adab-ul-Akhya.

He was a khalifa of Imam al-Ahl as-Sunnat A’la Hadrat Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan al-Barelwi and of ‘Ashrafi miya’ Shaykh Allama Sayyad Muhammad Ali Hussain Shah al-Kicchochawee ‘alayhir rahman w’al ridwan

Some of his students included:

Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Na’imi
Sarkar-e-Kalan Sayyad Mukhtar Ashraf

Riyaz-e-Na’eem (Poetry Collection):

Sadr al-Afadil, the teacher of teachers in the last century, Mawlana Muhammad Na’eemuddin Muradaabadi is a jurist, scholar, mufti, Quranic Exegete and an Educator. He was also an excellent poet; a collection of his poems is named as ‘Riyaz e Na’eem’ / the ‘Garden of Na’eem’ or the ‘Garden of Comfort.’ Below is a selection from his Deewan:

ujDey huwey diyār ko ársh e barīN banayeN to

ujDey huwey diyār ko ársh e barīN banayeN to
un pey fidā hai dil merā, naaz sey dil meiN aayeN to

chahra e paak sey niqāb aap zaraa uThayeN to
husn-e-khudā-numā ki shaan, shaan-e-khudā dikhāyeN to

kushta e ishq sayyidaa, aap key naam par marey
jalwah inheN dikhāyiye aap agar jilaayeN to

dard o alam key mubtalaa, jin ki kahiN na ho dawaa
dekheN woh shaan e kibriyaa, aap key dar pey aayeN to

kartey haiN kis pey kuch sitam, kyuN ho kisi ko ranj o gham
mawlid e Muşţafā ki ham, eyd agar manāyeN to

bad haiN agarche ham huzur, aap ke haiN magar zaruur
kis ko sunayeN haal e dil tumhain nahiN sunayeN to

aap key dar pey gar na aayeN, kaun sa dar hai jis pe jaayeN
saamney kis key sar jhukaayeN, aap hameN bataayeN to?

haal meraa tabaah hai, naamah meraa siyaah hai
heych meraa gunaah hai, aap agar bachaayeN to

dil ki muraad un ki deed; deed hai unki dil ki eyd
eyd nahiN hai kuch bayeed, lutf sey gar bulayeN to

sadmeN firaq o hijr key, kis sey yeh ghamzadah kahey
tu hi agar karam karey, dard e nihaaN sunayeN to

rafá haiN fat’ĥ key asar; peysh hain kasr key zirar
zeyr ko keejiye zabar, naSb adad uThayeN to

karney ko jaan o dil fidaa rozah e paak par shahaa
pahunchey naýīm e bey nawaa, aap agar bulāyeN to

nalah kartey haiN aah kartey haiN

nalah kartey haiN aah kartey haiN
yeh bhi koyi gunaah kartey haiN

paaoN zakhmi huwey to honey do
sar ko ham waqf e raah kartey haiN

aap key hijr meiN aseer e alam
giryah ay baadshaah kartey haiN

dawr duuri ka duur ho jaaye
yeh duáā sub’H gaah kartey haiN

dil lagaana kisi sey laa haasil
woh kisi sey nibaah kartey haiN

garchey aasi haiN teri raHmat key
hum umeed ay ilaah kartey haiN

na-umeedi hai kaam kaafir kaa
ya’s woh ruu siyaah kartey haiN

aap key gham meiN jaan dee ham ney
aap ko hum gawaah kartey haiN

un ke husn e jameel kee tawseef
anjum o mihr o maah kartey haiN

haal e dil unsey kyaa kahey koyee
sun ke woh waah waah kartey haiN

husn e naa-paayedaar par yeh ghuruur
but sitam bey-panaah kartey haiN

ishq jo kartey hain paree-ruu sey
naamah apnaa siyaah kartey haiN

husn e faani bhi husn hai koyee
umr ko kyuN tabaah kartey haiN

husn e baatil pey naaz aur ghamzah
kyuN yeh naamah siyaah kartey haiN

aankh rakhtey haiN jo, nayimuddin
dil sey ishq e ilaah kartey haiN

Manqabat-e-Imam Husayn raDiyallahu ta’ala anhu

aabid e kibriyaa, imām ĥusayn
zahid e bey-riyaa, imām ĥusayn

gul e gulzār e sayyid e aalam
mah jabeeN khush liqaa imām ĥusayn

hazrat e fatimah key nuur e nazar
deen haqq kee ziyaa imām ĥusayn

qurratu’l ayn e hazrat e haydar
sayyid e awliyaa imām ĥusayn

sibT e akbar ke raahat e dil o jaaN
quwwat e mujtabaa imām ĥusayn

deen key peshwaa imām ĥusayn
rahnumaa muqtadaa imām ĥusayn

jumla as’ĥāb ke qaraar e dil
waaris e anbiyaa imām ĥusayn

jaaN nisaaraNe deen key sarkhayl
haadi o peshwaa imām ĥusayn

woh shahadat ko naaz ho jin par
ahl e sabr o razaa imām ĥusayn

sahib e adl o daad o hilm o karam
taaj e ahl e sakhaa imām ĥusayn

haami e deen o naasir e millat
deen Haqq par fidaa imām ĥusayn

karbala ki zameeN pey khuuN se likhaa
tum ney naam e wafaa imām ĥusayn

tum ney dikhlaa diyaa zamaaney ko
naqsh e sidq o safaa imām ĥusayn

dhuum aalam meiN hai shujāát kee
kaam aysaa kiyaa imām ĥusayn

kaysey kaysey sitam huwey tum par
aashiq e kibriyaa imām ĥusayn

raah haq meiN kaTaya sab kunbaa
marHabah marHabah imām ĥusayn

teen din tak pyaas meiN taDpaa
teraa sab qaafilah imām ĥusayn

nau nihaal apney tumney nazr kiye
fakhr e sabr o razaa imām ĥusayn

fauj zaalim ki ruu siyaah huwee
karkey zulm o jafaa imām ĥusayn

teri sawlat sey terey a’adaa meiN
tehlaka paDh gaya imām ĥusayn

teri talwaar ka jahaaN meiN hai
aaj tak ghalghalaa imām ĥusayn

kaTey har waar meiN parey ke parey
ro diye ashqiyaa imām ĥusayn

jalwah afroz karbalah meiN huwey
sayyid e anbiyaa, imām ĥusayn [that is sayyid e anbiya AY imām ĥusayn]

aap ko daayimi hayaat milee
ay Imām e hudaa imām ĥusayn

sab jahaN meiN tumhara qabzaa hai
faatih e karbalaa imām ĥusayn

saari khilqat meiN ho gaye ruswaa
tere aadaa shahaa! imām ĥusayn

saarey aalam ke mominoN ke liye
rab sey keeje duaa imām ĥusayn

aap sey rakhtey haiN umeed e karam
ranj key mubtalaa, imām ĥusayn [again, ranj key mubtalaa ummeed rakhtey haiN AY imām ĥusayn]

is nayeem e gunaah gaar pey lutf
ay shah e asfiyaa imām ĥusayn

Dushmanan-e-Ahle Bayt

ay ibn e sa’ad rayy ki hukumat to kya milī
zulm o jafa ki jald hi tujh ko sazaa milī

ay shimr e naabakaar, shahīdoN key khuun sey
kaysī sazā tujhe abhi ay naasazā milī

ay tishna gaane khuun e jawānān e ahl e bayt
dekhā ? key tum ko zulm ki kaysī saza milī

kuttoN ki taraH lāsheN tumhārī saDā kiye
ghūDī pey gor ko bhi tumhārī na jā milī

ruswāy e khalq ho gaye barbād ho gaye
mardūdo tum ko zillat e har do sarā milī

tum ne ujāDa hazrat e zahrā ka būstāN
tum khud ujaD gaye tumheN ye bad’duá milī

dunyā parstO deen se muNh moD kar tumheN
dunyā milī na áysh o tarab kī hawā milī

aakhir dikhāya rang shahīdoN key khuun ney
sar kaT gaye amaaN na tumheN ik zara milī

paayī hai kyā naýīm unhoN ney abhī sazā
dekheN gey woh jaĥīm meiN jis dam sazā milī

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